Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum is a place of memory, that everyone should visit at least once in a lifetime. Remembering the terrible crimes committed here is our moral duty to more than a million people, who lost their lives in the camp and all victims of the Shoah and other manifestations of Nazi terror. Visiting the remains of the Auschwitz-Birkenau realizes the scale of the monstrous atrocities done here and makes us to faced up to the extremely difficult and painful questions about the humanity.
Oświęcim (Ger. Auschwitz) was annexed to the Reich after the German invasion of Poland and the concentration camp was established near the city in 1940. At the beginning of its existence most of the prisoners were Polish, but there were also Polish Jews (although at that time still not on a massive scale) and some representatives of other nationalities. After 1941, when the armed conflict between the Third Reich and the USSR began, many captured soldiers of the Red Army joined the prisoners. Soon, in a nearby Brzezinka (Germ. Birkenau) the Auschwitz II – designed as a death camp – was completed. It became a place of mass extermination for hundreds of thousands of Jews and about 20 thousand of Romani people, the true death factory, enforcing a plan of the ‘Final Solution to the Jewish Question’. This infernal machine works until the liberation of the camp in 27 January 1945. Since 2005 the day of liberation is celebrated as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Museum in the former German Nazi concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau was established two years after the war. Its main tasks are conservation of the original remains of the camp, scientific research, documentary work, and, above all, education. More than a million people come here every year. Krakow Guide helps in booking visit cards for Auschwitz Tours, provides transport (there is a possibility of being picked up from the hotel) and care of a qualified guide.